The Origin and Research Process of Artistic Safety Match

Art safety matches bring not only visual impact, but also senses. Art matches are an old and new commodity on the market today. The redesigned art match makes people realize that as long as any item is innovated, it will have its own new vitality. Today, matches have been unearthed again and given a new spirit. They are no longer simply burning for fire. They have their own words and stories. For the young people born in the 1970s and 1980s, The matches that include childhood memories have been repackaged and can even be completely separated from practical functions and become only a collections.

 

In 1669, German alchemist Brand Hennig obtained white phosphorus from human urine. People began to use white phosphorus to make fire. However, it was difficult to produce white phosphorus at that time, so by the end of the 18th century, white phosphorus could be produced in large quantities. Phosphorus candles and phosphorus bottles appeared. Phosphorus candle: Put a small piece of candle in a small glass tube, and put a small piece of white phosphorus on the bottom of the candle. Seal the glass tube and put it in hot water to make the white phosphorous melt and adhere to the candle. Contact with oxygen in the air and ignite the candle. Phosphorus bottle: Put white phosphorus in a small glass bottle and extinguish it quickly after igniting, so that a layer of partially oxidized phosphorus is attached to the inner wall of the bottle. In addition, a small wooden strip is used to adhere molten sulfur at one end, and placed in a metal box after cooling. When in use, put the sulphur-adhered wood strips into the small glass bottle to get the oxidized phosphorus, and rub it against the glass bottle stopper to catch fire. Obviously this kind of "match" is very poor in safety. It wasn't until 1827 that the British surgeon Walker invented the friction match. The end of the wooden stick was dip-coated with potassium chlorate, antimony trisulfide (Sb2S3 and a mixture of gum). When used, the head of the wooden stick was rubbed on sandpaper. On fire. This kind of match has poor fire effect, poor safety, and has not been used for a long time. Between 1855 and 1856, British pharmacist Albright, Swiss match maker Lundstrom, and German chemical Boteger successively invented the safe matches that are still in use. Modern matches are a mixture of red phosphorus and antimony trisulfide coated on the front of the matchbox. The substances on the head of the match are generally potassium chlorate, manganese dioxide, and combustibles such as sulfur. When the two friction, the heat generated by the friction causes the red phosphorus in contact with potassium chlorate to burn, and causes the combustibles on the match head to burn, which makes the matchstick ignite.

 

It took more than 100 years for matches to be successfully manufactured in this contradiction between easy ignition and safety. The safety matches produced by Fangzhou are safer than ordinary matches.

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